The kingdom of magadha

Magadha empire map

It took fifteen years for Ajatashatru to defeat them. Good pay encouraged their loyalty. The Maurya Empire eventually rose to power within the region and took over as the dominant state. The country was ruled by the king with help from three classes of officials: the executive, the judiciary, and the military. The king died either by suicide or murder, and history is not clear as to which one of these two ill-fated forms of death claimed his life. However, after the death of King Udayan, the Magadha Empire started to decline very rapidly. It was bounded on the north by the river Ganges , on the east by the river Champa, on the south by the Chota Nagpur Plateau , and on the west by the Son River. Chandragupta was succeeded by his son Bindusara, who expanded the kingdom over most of present day India, barring the extreme south and east. Its standing army, well-paid civil servants, and efficient, decentralized administrative system were so successful that several Magadhan kings, notably the founders of the Maurya c. The kingdom of Magadha was divided into Republican communities, and many of the villages had their own local forms of government which included assemblies made up of the executive, judicial and military functions.

The last rulers of this dynasty were not so efficient and the last was ultimately replaced by a new dynasty of the Shaishunagas. During that time, most of the subcontinent united under a single government for the first time.

The kingdom of magadha

He stated that the Vrijis could not be conquered, as they were observing all conditions that strengthen a republic, including holding assemblies and unity of counsel and policy.

Srivastava, Kamal Shankar. Our Videos As advised by one of his ministers, Varshakara Pali: Vassakarathe Magadhan monarch pretended to have him disgraced and banished, upon which the crafty ex-minister found easy asylum in Vaishali.

Nanda dynasty

These empires saw advancements in ancient India's different subjects like science, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy and were considered the Indian "Golden Age". The early centuries ce saw the decline of Magadha, but the rise of the Gupta dynasty in the 4th century brought it once more to a position of preeminence. Approximate extent of the Shunga empire c. The Buddhist texts mention Prasenajit capturing Ajatashatru after Magadha lost a battle, but then setting him free, believing that he would call off hostilities he, of course, went the whole mile till he won. Crucial to this early success were its control of trade and transport along a major portion of the Ganges River, strategic marriage alliances, and a standing army staffed by professionals; all three factors remained important through the rise of the Gupta dynasty eight hundred years later. Under Bimbisara, Magadha annexed the neighbouring eastern kingdoms, and made marriage aliances with the ones in the west and north. His tactics included warfare, politics, and arranged marriages. The king died either by suicide or murder, and history is not clear as to which one of these two ill-fated forms of death claimed his life. Accounts differ slightly as to the cause of King Ajatashatru's war with the Licchavi republic, an area north of the river Ganges. King Pasendi also got his daughter married to the new young king. One of the Pradyota traditions was for the prince to kill his father to become king.

Not only did these imperial dynasties begin by establishing their power in Magadha but in each case Pataliputra adjacent to modern Patna was the imperial capital, thus adding to the prestige of Magadha. The destruction of the Lichchhavi lands by Magadha so pained Amrapali that she became a Buddhist nun; her son by Ajatashatru went on to become a Buddhist monk.

magadha empire kings

Because of their concentration in the capital of Pataliputra modern Patna and other cities, the artisans probably wielded more power than their numbers would indicate.

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