The causes symptoms and treatment of pneumonia influenza

Some techniques that people can use to try to prevent getting sick include: washing hands frequently with warm water and soap getting a flu shot avoiding touching the nose or mouth getting enough sleep eating fresh fruit and vegetables keeping a distance from people who are sneezing and coughing Takeaway Most people with viral pneumonia recover within 1—2 weeks.

Adults should not smoke around children, especially if they have pneumonia.

pneumonia prevention

Show More Symptoms The signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germ causing the infection, and your age and overall health.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae also can cause pneumonia.

Fungal pneumonia

An abscess occurs if pus forms in a cavity in the lung. This type of pneumonia is most common in people with chronic health problems or weakened immune systems, and in people who have inhaled large doses of the organisms. Additional treatment may be needed if the patient doesn't feel better after 2 to 3 days of treatment. Risk factors Pneumonia can affect anyone. It's especially important that people in these high-risk groups see a doctor: Adults older than age 65 Children younger than age 2 with signs and symptoms People with an underlying health condition or weakened immune system People receiving chemotherapy or taking medication that suppresses the immune system For some older adults and people with heart failure or chronic lung problems, pneumonia can quickly become a life-threatening condition. The bacteria and viruses that cause pneumonia are usually inhaled. This type of pneumonia can occur on its own or after you've had a cold or the flu. The difference between viral pneumonia and bacterial pneumonia Treatment is the biggest difference between bacterial and viral pneumonia. As flu strains change each year, it is necessary to get a flu vaccination each season to make sure you are protected against the most current strains. Aspiration pneumonia Aspiration pneumonia occurs when you inhale food, drink, vomit or saliva into your lungs. Older adults and people with chronic health conditions may need to stay in the hospital for extra care and to avoid dehydration. The vaccination guidelines have changed over time so make sure to review your vaccination status with your doctor even if you recall previously receiving a pneumonia vaccine. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. This is why the air sacs become inflamed.

Pneumonia may cause fluid to build up in the thin space between layers of tissue that line the lungs and chest cavity pleura.

The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in the U.

causes of pneumonia in children

The best way to prevent pneumonia is to practice good hygiene, get the seasonal flu shot every year, and try to avoid those around you who are sick with a cold or the flu. Pneumonia vaccinations are usually only necessary once, although a booster vaccination may be recommended for some individuals.

pneumonia diagnosis

Aspiration is more likely if something disturbs your normal gag reflex, such as a brain injury or swallowing problem, or excessive use of alcohol or drugs.

Your doctor will be able to tell if it has become bacterial pneumonia by a change in your symptoms or signs. Viral pneumonia is usually mild.

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Pneumonia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and More